Chips - a favorite appetizer for beer or just to enjoy with friends while watching a movie. The last thing that can be said is that the chips are useful food, but even if it is not beneficial to our body, it is to some extent a delight for the senses.
There are different types of chips - potato, corn, wheat, and many extravagant varieties such as oak, but in practice chips can be made from many kinds of vegetables, even fruits (banana chips). When talking about the chips, however, in most cases we mean the product was prepared by frying thin slices of potato.
Potato chips or just chips, by definition is a food of thinly sliced baked or fried potatoes are salted seasoned with various spices and seasonings. The most popular potato chips flavors are: clasic chips with salt, chicken taste, paprika, chilies, beer, cream, salt, onions, garlic, herbs and more. The chips if not prepared without seasonings, even salt, will not be as tasty as we are used to it being.
History of chips
The great scientist Crispo Crystal Main is considered the creator of chips. In 1879, he decided to shock the world with his culinary invention, which made him well known, two years later. So he creates foodstuff that he calls by his name - Crispo. In 1902 the name is replaced with Crisp, and in 1934 - Chips. From 1934 until now, this food gained popularity and evolved.
Since 1922, it is considered that it is a food product, simply called "chips". The potato genius was born in 1856 and died in 1934, he died one year before the product name to changed to chips. Since chips were invented- in 1881, and today it enjoys permanent love from consumers.
Composition of chips
Caloric composition of the chips can vary depending on the method of preparation, the quality of the raw materials and the make. It is usually less than 500 kcal per 100 g
Nutritional composition per 100 g of chips:
Calories from Fat 297
Total Fat 33 g
Total carbohydrates 50 g
Protein 6.5 g
Water 10 ml
Selecting and storing chips
Choose chips in tightly closed containers, which clearly referred to the manufacturer and expiration date. Keep the chips in a dry and cool place. It is recommended that the chips be stored in a tightly closed container in order not to lose its taste.
Culinary use of chips
The chips are used as a quick snack between meals but mostly consumed with beer or other carbonated beverages. Crispy potato chips are a daily temptation for millions of people worldwide.
Preparation of chips
The default chip, which is produced by countless factories in the world, is not always a quality product that we think that we often buy. The chips, as a rule should be made from fresh potatoes, left for less than 24 hours. Conveying principle puts potatoes in a channel where it is cleaned of dirt, then go to the peeler which rotates them until it completely removes the skin.
The next step is to separate the potatoes in size - small and large. Usually, only the large are remaining to be cut. Cutting machines themselves determine the different forms in which they can make chips. Usually a potato produces about 36 thin chip slices. The sliced potato gi in a giant water container with cold water, which washes them.
Logically then the conveyor belt takes them to the drying machines which evaporate excess fluid. Then follows frying, which lasts approximately 3 minutes. Fried potatoes pass through another grid bar that drains excess fat. It is showered in salt and other seasonings and then mechanized control selects the unusable pieces of chips and the product goes for packaging.
Of course, there are other ways of producing chips. Often, it is prepared from dehydrated potato starch which is mixed with water and turns to complete the production cycle.
If you are a fan of chips and often buy different packages, it would not actually not be useful for you. The lesser evil is to try to prepare it at home. The recipe is simple and it can be done by anyone.
Recipe for homemade chips
Preparation: Peel the potatoes, cut them into thin rounds, about 2-3 mm, the easiest is to use a grater. Wash them well and leave them to dry. Pour them into a bowl and add 1 tablespoon olive oil, paprika, cayenne, black pepper and salt to taste. Mix well. Lay out a large rectangular baking dish with aluminum foil and grease it.
Arrange potato rounds together, but not on one another. Put to bake in a preheated oven at 390°F (200 °C) for 15 minutes, then turn the chips, reduce the oven to 360°F (180 °C) and bake for about 15 minutes, or until the chips seem ready. You can prepare homemade chips with desired condiments.
Dangers of chips
Unfortunately, the crispy temptation is very tasty and also hides a myriad of risks to human health. The chips is even classified in the top 10 most harmful foods. Eating chips in early childhood is the cause of obesity and a number of problems in the elderly.
The technology of production of chips led to the formation of carcinogenic synthetic fats which may provoke the occurrence of cancer. The chips are a mix of fat and carbohydrates, carefully wrapped in artificial additives and a significant amount of salt. Large amounts of chips lead to blockage of blood vessels and subsequent complications.
As is well known, chips and obesity go hand in hand. Recent studies have shown that consumption of potato chips during pregnancy is equivalent to smoking.