We know what a tomato is, but maybe not everyone knows that it is a fruit of the nightshade family. Depending on the variety, the tomato differs in taste, size, shape and color.
Tomatoes are rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals and phytonutrients. They are an excellent source of vitamins B6, C and K, beta carotene, biotin, niacin, potassium, phosphorus, calcium, iron, zinc and selenium, as well as many organic acids such as citric and malic acid, which determine the characteristic taste of tomatoes. Due to its high content of antioxidants, organic acids and other essential nutrients, a tomato is a real elixir of health.
The combined action of iron and vitamin C, which are contained in tomatoes, help in the synthesis of hemoglobin and the formation of new red blood cells, thus helping to prevent or treat various types of anemia.
Some studies have shown that lycopene in the skin and flesh of tomatoes may play a role in preventing certain types of cancer - lung, prostate and colon cancer.
Lycopene derives its health benefits primarily from its antioxidant activity, which is even higher than that of beta-carotene.
Recent studies show that the anti-inflammatory agent contained in tomato skin has very powerful anti-inflammatory properties and is very good for combating various inflammations.
Because it contains vitamin C, calcium and phosphorus, tomatoes are very good for bone and tooth health.
Tomatoes improve heart function by helping to lower blood pressure due to their high potassium content. They also prevent the oxidation of cholesterol, which is one of the first steps in the formation of atherosclerotic plaques.
Lycopene, which is contained in tomatoes, improves the skin's ability to protect itself from harmful UV rays. As it is rich in vitamins A and C, this makes it beneficial by reducing skin aging and eliminating skin imperfections.
To take advantage of the healing properties of tomatoes, you can eat them raw or cooked. Try different tomatoes with cheese such as caprese salad or plain shopska salad. Surprise the family with stuffed tomatoes or tomato soups. There are so many healthy and delicious recipes with tomatoes!