Beetroot (Beta vulgaris ssp. vulgaris var. vulgaris) is a type of root vegetable. One of its variants is the red beet, which is identified by dark red roots, which are quite messy when cutting. The taste of red beets is specific and refreshing.
Beets are eaten boiled, roasted, or raw. In fact, all parts of it are edible, the leaves of this root vegetable can make a salad. The taste resembles that of spinach. Beets can let you extract dye from them. Since time immemorial, they are used in folk medicine as a herb to treat various diseases.
Ancient Greeks and Romans used beets to reduce fever. During the Middle Ages in Europe, beetroot juice is given to people who, for one reason or another, can not eat solid food. The Romans were even convinced that if a man and a woman eat from the same beetroot, they will fall in love.
Beets are an important component of full seasonal food. It is mandatory nutrition for active athletes who want to continuously improve their sporting achievements and have more endurance. This is due to the nitrates that beetroot contains. These compounds are easy on the body's oxygen supply and provide energy.
Composition of beetroot
Beetroot contains an average of 88% water, 1.2% protein, 9.3% carbohydrate, 0, 9% minerals, including potassium, calcium, phosphorus, iron, sulfur, iodine, cobalt, molybdenum, manganese, fluoride, boron, vanadium, iodine, cezium and rubidium. In iodine content, the beetroot is a leader among vegetables. This makes it widely used for the prophylaxis and treatment of hypothyroidism – a thyroid disease caused by deficiency of iodine.
Beetroot contains small amounts of vitamin C, carotene, vitamins B1, B2 and B12. Due to the presence of potassium salts, sulfur, phosphorus and magnesium, it accelerates the process of metabolism in the body.
The red color is due colorants, from the anthocyanins’ group. Besides all this, beetroot is highly regarded as an excellent dietary product because 100 g beetroot contains only 44 calories.
100 g beetroot contains about: 87 g water, 1.7 g protein, 0.1 g fat, 1 g fiber and around about 9.5 grams of sugars and carbohydrates.
Selection and storage of beetroot
Luckily, beetroot is sold year-round in the markets and supermarket chains. Choose one without injured areas, that is large and heavy. The crust should be a deep color and the inside, blood-red purple. When being cut, red beets get very messy, so guard your clothes.
To preserve beetroot for a few months, you take care of it well and sort it out. Remove damaged beetroot heads – ones that are either hit or decayed. Do not wash your heads, because they create a prerequisite for them to begin to rot. Cut the leaves of each part with a sharp knife, to not let them suck moisture in.
Leave all of it in a ventilated place to dry. While beetroot dries, it should not be exposed to direct sunlight. You can keep the freshness of red beets only if they are kept cool.
Culinary use of red beets
The popularity of beetroot as a wholesome, healthy and healing food has increased over the past 1-15 years. If you ask your grandmother, she would probably remember that at one time, animals survived in the countryside with beetroot.
Pork roast will acquire a unique taste if in the foil is added sliced beetroot. It makes for some quite tasty sauces too. Everything you add beetroot to, will get a rich blood, to purple color. Of course, the popular borsch can not happen without the addition of beetroot.
Much of the commercial production of beetroot is processed into boiled and sterilized varieties. Beetroot leaves are also edible. They may be prepared boiled, steamed or eaten fresh in salads and taste like spinach leaves.
Recipe for Salad of beetroot and cream
Preparation: Boil the beets in salted water with 1 teaspoon of vinegar, or just grill them. Cut them into cubes and add finely chopped or grated apples. Whip cream with parsnips, salt and lemon juice. You may add horseradish, instead of parsnips or carrots, and instead of cream - yogurt.
Benefits of beetroot
It is firmly established that regularly consuming beetroot is preventive against the emergence of cancerous diseases. There are cases of skin cancer in which the imposition of compresses with beetroot juice several times a day resulted in the complete disappearance of malignancy.
Like the Romans, experts now recommend red beets in chronic constipation, other digestive disorders and liver disease. For this purpose 100-150 g beetroot is sufficient, preferably boiled.
Chinese medicine has long known that red beet strengthen the heart, balance the body and purify the blood. Juice of beetroot is very recommended for women who are in menopause. Beet juice stimulates the liver, kidneys, gallbladder, spleen, lymph and intestines and assists the overall strengthening of the immune system, especially in fighting colds.
In folk medicine, beetroot was used to treat those suffering from leukemia, because of the chlorophyll it contains, it is an integral ingredient in the menu of those suffering from anemia.
It is paradoxical that despite the presence of sugar, beetroot is useful even for consumption by diabetics. It helps the absorption of nutrients and accelerates the elimination of toxins from the body. Contains good levels of iodine and magnesium, which makes it a suitable food for adult patients with atherosclerosis.
Be sure to eat beetroot regularly, especially during the winter months. A cocktail of red beetroot juice, apples and squeezed lemons is a vitamin bomb. It can protect you from flues, and as already mentioned - cleanses the blood and slows down the process of aging.
The malic, citric and other acids are those that enhance peristalsis, contained in beet pulp help digestion and absorption of proteins and increase the vital activity of the liver.
200-300 ml beetroot juice daily improves the general condition of the body. An elixir is mixed with equal parts of carrot juice and radish, which helps with anemia. If you do mix it with honey, beetroot juice is used for high blood pressure and as an emollient. 1 cup of beetroot juice a day will improve your memory and ability to memorize diverse and disordered information by 50%. Ground beets are proven to provide aid for wounds and swellings.
Beets are suitable for low-calorie diets and weight reduction. The diet of beetroot will help you get slim and restore your body after exhaustion. It helps to grow and strengthen the hair. A diet with beetroot amongst others will make your skin radiant. In combination with exercise, the diet can successfully fight against cellulite.
A diet of red beet requires drinking 1 cup freshly squeezed juice of beetroot on an empty stomach. The second helping is in the evening, before 20:30, just eat a salad made from cabbage, beetroot and carrots, seasoned with olive oil.