Rosemary is an evergreen semi-shrub with woody stems and fragrant evergreen needle-like leaves. Rosemary reaches a height of 20 to 80 cm, its branches are covered with narrow, linear, curved at the ends, with whitish underneath leaves. The bases of the narrow leaves of rosemary are gathered in bundles of colors which are blue or violet in color. Rosemary blooms from June to August, and its fruits resemble nuts.
The popularity of rosemary comes from the ancient Greeks who have appreciated as a sacred plant. In Europe, rosemary was brought by monks, and then began to be widely used in Portugal, Spain, Italy, France, Greece, Great Britain, Scandinavia and Germany.
Rosemary is a natural wild culture that occurs in the Mediterranean, Black Sea and especially in Cyprus. Even in biblical times rosemary mention diamond growing on the hills of Lebanon.
The name "rosemary" comes from the Latin name "rosmarinus", which means "sea dew." Today, rosemary can be grown in gardens and balconies. Growing in pots require rosemary can be clipped to not become loose and not so beautiful. In the garden it can grow quite large and still not lost their appeal.
Rosemary can be propagated from an existing plant by cutting the tip with a length of 10-15 cm, removing a few leaves from the bottom edge and straight pins. Largest manufacturers and suppliers of rosemary is currently appearing France, Italy, Spain and Greece. Rosemary is a herb of which the leaves are used. The chemical composition of the leaves of rosemary contain up to 2% essential oils, tannins, resins and more. According to research, rosemary can be used as a preservative and as an additive for certain types of beverages.
Rosemary grows best in a sunny and warm place, likes dry air. It is important to plant rosemary to keep out of the loop. It should gradually get used to the change in temperature and light. It is recommended that in autumn rosemary be taken in for 1-2 weeks before you finally bring it completely indoors. In spring and summer rosemary can stand on the balcony. The optimum temperature for the winter in a confined space is 10-12 degrees, and the minimum in the summer should be 20 if the plant is open.
Application of Rosemary
It is important to know that rosemary has a strong sweet scent of camphor, reminiscent of the smell of pine. As a spice rosemary is preferred because many spicy and slightly tangy flavor. Rosemary is widely used in the pharmaceutical industry where it is used for the production of pharmaceuticals, medicinal teas, infusions, ointments, patches. Rosemary is very widely used in the preparation is of essential oils which are used in the cosmetic industry.
The rosemary spice is obtained from the leaves of the plant. You use it in small quantities mainly because particularly strong aroma and flavor, rosemary is suitable as a supplement to soups, salads, meat fillings, roast meat, roast poultry, mushrooms, boiled fish, red and white cabbage and marinades. In moderate amounts, rosemary gives a special flavor to meat, chicken, spinach and pea soups.
Rosemary gives flavor to soft cheeses, potatoes, wild game, fish, egg batter, while being an excellent condiment for lamb, stew beef, mutton and tomato soup, as well as beef, mutton and beef. Rosemary is suitable to put on meats cooked on the grill.
In culinary uses, rosemary is used mostly for its ability to inhibit the specific smell of certain types of meat, such as mutton and pork. Experts have long known that rosemary bush gives the meat flavor. Overall rosemary is used as well as the bay leaf. It is important to know, however, that prolonged detention rosemary can give the dish a bitter taste.
Benefits of Rosemary
There are numerous benefits from rosemary on the human body. Rosemary is an effective remedy for flatulence. It improves digestion and severe irritation to the skin. Rosemary essential oil is used to rubbed, strengthens the nerves and dilates blood vessels.
Rosemary has a curative effect and low blood pressure, nervous disorders, feelings of anxiety. Extremely useful tool in conditions of total exhaustion and sexual weakness. Helps increase the secretion of gastric juice, in particular, has a beneficial effect on the overall activity of the stomach and intestines.
Traditional medicine with Rosemary
In folk medicine rosemary is used in disorders of the menstrual cycle and to improve appetite. Used against cardiac neurosis, coughs and asthma, and in the form of a compress – for rheumatism. Take it in the form of extracts - pour 1 tsp dried rosemary to 200 ml of boiling water and brew for about 4 hours. Strain and drink morning and evening on an empty stomach.
It is also used as a disinfectant of skin wounds in the form of water baths. Half an hour before bathing, place a gauze in the bath, which has 50 g rosemary powder.